Determinants for not utilizing trachomatous trichiasis surgery among trachomatous trichiasis patients in Mehalsayint District, North-East Ethiopia.

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TitleDeterminants for not utilizing trachomatous trichiasis surgery among trachomatous trichiasis patients in Mehalsayint District, North-East Ethiopia.
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsMeshesha TD, Senbete GH, Bogale GG
Abbrev. JournalPLoS Negl Trop Dis
JournalPLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Year of Publication2018
Volume12
Issue7
Paginatione0006669
Publication Languageeng
KeywordsAttitudes, Ethiopia, Interventions, Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), Surgery, Trachoma
Abstract

Background

Globally, trachoma is the leading cause of infectious blindness. In Ethiopia, the overall Trachomatous Trichiasis (TT) surgical coverage is 41%. Identifying determinants for not utilizing TT surgery among TT patients is important to design and monitor effective intervention programs. Therefore, this study aimed to identify determinants for not utilizing TT surgery among TT patients in Mehalsayint District, North East Ethiopia.

Methodology/Principal findings

A community based unmatched case control study was employed from March 30, 2017 to April 13, 2017. A total of 482 study participants (241 cases and 241 controls) with age of ≥15 years were included in the study. The data were entered with Epi info version 7.2 software and exported to SPSS version 20 for analysis.

Conclusions/Significance

In this study, TT surgery against trachoma is very low and TT remains public health problem in the district. Being younger age and widowed, time taken to reach the service, absence of TT surgeon, symptoms of trichiasis, duration of problem, the affected eye, epilation practice, and service place were determinants for the inability of TT surgical services. The findings of this study would help in designing effective interventions to reduce trachoma in that district.

PubMed URL

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30020941

DOI10.1371/journal.pntd.000666910
Download PDFhttp://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pntd.0006669&type=printable