Emerging and reemerging neglected tropical diseases: a review of key characteristics, risk factors, and the policy and innovation environment.

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TitleEmerging and reemerging neglected tropical diseases: a review of key characteristics, risk factors, and the policy and innovation environment.
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsMackey TK, Liang BA, Cuomo R, Hafen R, Brouwer KC, Lee DE
Abbrev. JournalClin. Microbiol. Rev.
JournalClinical microbiology reviews
Year of Publication2014
Volume27
Issue4
Pagination949-979
Publication Languageeng
KeywordsNeglected tropical diseases (NTDs), Policy development, Risk factor
Abstract

In global health, critical challenges have arisen from infectious diseases, including the emergence and reemergence of old and new infectious diseases. Emergence and reemergence are accelerated by rapid human development, including numerous changes in demographics, populations, and the environment. This has also led to zoonoses in the changing human-animal ecosystem, which are impacted by a growing globalized society where pathogens do not recognize geopolitical borders. Within this context, neglected tropical infectious diseases have historically lacked adequate attention in international public health efforts, leading to insufficient prevention and treatment options. This subset of 17 infectious tropical diseases disproportionately impacts the world's poorest, represents a significant and underappreciated global disease burden, and is a major barrier to development efforts to alleviate poverty and improve human health. Neglected tropical diseases that are also categorized as emerging or reemerging infectious diseases are an even more serious threat and have not been adequately examined or discussed in terms of their unique risk characteristics. This review sets out to identify emerging and reemerging neglected tropical diseases and explore the policy and innovation environment that could hamper or enable control efforts. Through this examination, we hope to raise awareness and guide potential approaches to addressing this global health concern.

 

PubMed URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25278579?dopt=Abstract

DOI10.1128/CMR.00045-14
PubMed Central IDPMC4187634