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The hidden epidemic of schistosomiasis in recent African immigrants and asylum seekers to Italy.

Abstract

The prevalence of schistosomiasis among recent refugees from sub-Saharan Africa in Italy is unknown. This is a retrospective review of African immigrants screened at Centre for Tropical Diseases of Negrar from March 2014 to February 2016. Of the 373 immigrants tested, 34% were positive at least at one schistosomiasis test. The proportion of positive ELISA serology was 103/373 (27.6%). At microscopy, infected subjects were 65/373 (17.4%), (51% Schistosoma haematobium, 38% Schistosoma mansoni, 11% both). CCA antigen for S. mansoni was positive in 47/373 individuals (12.6%). We found a particularly high positivity rate in subjects from Mali (72.1%) and Ivory Coast (48%). This "hidden epidemic" of schistosomiasis cannot be longer neglected, considering the risk of severe complications, and the effective and inexpensive treatment available.

More information

Type
Journal Article
Author
Beltrame A
Buonfrate D
Gobbi F
Angheben A
Marchese V
Monteiro GB
Bisoffi Z
Year of Publication
2017
Journal
European journal of epidemiology
Language
eng
ISSN Number
1573-7284
DOI
10.1007/s10654-017-0259-6
Alternate Journal
Eur. J. Epidemiol.
Publication Language
eng