Community engagement in health services research on elimination of lymphatic filariasis: A systematic review
This study aimed to contextualize the extent, nature, and quality of community engagement in health services research on eliminating lymphatic filariasis in low-and middle-income countries of Southeast Asia and Pacific Region. We performed a systematic review, and the results were reported according to the PRISMA-S checklist. Relevant studies were searched in health-related electronic databases, and selected according to the inclusion criteria. Sixteen studies with various study designs were identified. The majority (68%) were conducted in India. Lay people, community leaders, and volunteers were the most common groups of community members (12/16,75%). Overall, the majority (13/16, 81%) were at the ‘moderate level’ of engagement in research context mainly by ‘collaboration’ in ‘developing methodology’ ‘collaboration’ in data collection and ‘collaboration’ for ‘dissemination of findings. The common barriers to the community engagement were lack of involvement of participating bodies and technology-related issues. In conclusion, the insufficient description of the community engagement process in the studies limits a deeper understanding and analysis of the issue. Future well-designed prospective studies with attention to the description of mechanisms of engagement, facilitating the whole process and reporting the community level outcome are recommended.