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Incidence and Disability-Adjusted Life Years (Dalys) attributable to leishmaniasis In Iran, 2013.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis covers a range of clinical manifestations. Estimation of the burden of leishmaniasis may help guide healthcare management personnel and policy-makers in applying effective interventions. The present study aimed to calculate the incidence and burden of cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis in Iran in 2013.

METHODS: To evaluate the epidemiological aspects of the disease in Iran, published studies over the past 20 years were searched and the viewpoints of relevant specialists in Iran were obtained. Data were collected from the Ministry of Health and from the Tehran University of Medical Sciences. To calculate years of life lost due to premature death, standard expected years of life lost was used. Standard life table of Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2010 with the life expectancy of 86.02 years for both sexes was used to calculate the remaining potential years of life at any age from death.

RESULTS: The overall incidence of cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis was calculated as 22 and 0.092 per 100000 population of Iran, respectively. The burden of leishmaniasis was 99.5 years: 95.34 and 4.16 years for cutaneous and visceral, respectively. Sensitivity was analyzed and deaths predicted by the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation added, the burden of visceral leishmaniasis was 726 years.

CONCLUSION: The share of leishmaniasis burden in Iran is lower than the global burden of the disease. GBD 2010 standard method is recommended to calculate the burden of leishmaniasis in different countries and set local priorities on the basis of these measures.

More information

Type
Journal Article
Author
Heydarpour F
Sari AA
Mohebali M
Shirzadi M
Bokaie S
Year of Publication
2016
Journal
Ethiopian journal of health sciences
Volume
26
Issue
4
Number of Pages
381-8
Language
eng
ISSN Number
1029-1857
DOI
10.4314/ejhs.v26i4.10
Alternate Journal
Ethiop J Health Sci
Publication Language
eng