Prevalence of HIV and associated factors among visceral leishmaniasis cases in an endemic area of Northeast Brazil.
INTRODUCTION: Cases of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and HIV co-infection have increased worldwide. We investigated the prevalence of HIV and associated factors among VL patients in Sergipe state, Brazil.
METHODS: We conducted a population-based study of all cases of VL and HIV reported in Sergipe from 1999 to 2015.
RESULTS: We studied a total of 917 patients; 41 (4.5%) co-infection cases were detected. VL-HIV co-infected patients were more likely to have weight loss, cough, treatment failure or loss to follow-up and death.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of VL-HIV co-infection was high and co-infected patients were more likely to have adverse outcomes.