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Publication

Prevalence of HIV and associated factors among visceral leishmaniasis cases in an endemic area of Northeast Brazil.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Cases of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and HIV co-infection have increased worldwide. We investigated the prevalence of HIV and associated factors among VL patients in Sergipe state, Brazil.

METHODS: We conducted a population-based study of all cases of VL and HIV reported in Sergipe from 1999 to 2015.

RESULTS: We studied a total of 917 patients; 41 (4.5%) co-infection cases were detected. VL-HIV co-infected patients were more likely to have weight loss, cough, treatment failure or loss to follow-up and death.

CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of VL-HIV co-infection was high and co-infected patients were more likely to have adverse outcomes.

More information

Type
Journal Article
Author
Santos GO
Jesus NPS
Cerqueira-Braz JV
Santos VS
Lemos LMD
Year of Publication
2019
Journal
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Volume
52
Number of Pages
e20180257
Language
eng
ISSN Number
1678-9849
DOI
10.1590/0037-8682-0257-2018
Alternate Journal
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop.
Publication Language
eng