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Prevalence of trachoma and associated factors of children aged 1-9 years in community led total sanitation and hygiene triggered village and none triggered in Girar Jarso Woreda, North Shoa, Oromia, Ethiopia

Abstract
Background: - Trachoma is the leading cause of infectious blindness worldwide. Problem with trachoma can be prevented through Sanitation and Hygiene improvement. This study assesses the relation between triggering villages through CLTSH and significant result on blinding trachoma.

Objective: Assessment of Trachoma prevalence and associated factors among in CLTSH triggered village and non-triggered village of Girar Jarso Woreda, North Shoa, Oromia Region, Ethiopia, 2014.

Methods: A comparative cross-sectional study was done in CLTSH triggered village and non-triggered village of Girar Jarso Woreda, North Shoa, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. The sample size determined using the formula of sample size determination for two population proportion. Based on stat calc of EPI info 3.5.1.0.for cross sectional study designs, the actual sample size calculated to be 644(322 from each group) children aged 1-9years. A multi-stage sampling technique was employed. A Structured questionnaire and WHO guideline for Trachoma Assessment also used. Data was managed and analyzed by SPSS version 20.

Result: -. From the total children assessed, active trachoma was found to be 179(27.8%). It was also observed from this study that 22 (3.4%) had trichiasis and 15(2.3%) were observed to have corneal opacity. The prevalence of trachoma in the two comparison group had no significant difference and children in the community led total sanitation and hygiene triggered village had no lower risk of trachoma. Variables such as open defecation free, any piles of animal dung or rubbish lying in open place, frequency of washing hands and faces, type of detergent they use, main source of water were associated with trachoma reduction (P-values <0.05 ) in multivariate analysis.

Conclusion: - The prevalence of trachoma in the two comparison group had no significant difference, rather encouraging reduction of trachoma in Open defecation free villages. Contact author: ayalewthomas@gmail.com

More information

Type
Journal Article
Author
Ayalew T
Keywords
Year of Publication
2016
Journal
Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research
Volume
2
Issue
9
Language
eng
ISSN Number
2454-1362
Publication Language
eng