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QUALIDADE DE VIDA DE PACIENTES PÓS-ALTA DE HANSENÍASE: REVISÃO DE LITERATURA

Abstract
Leprosy is defined as a chronic infectious disease, whose etiologic agent is Micobacterium leprae, a weakly gram-negative alcohol-resistant bacillus, this pathology affects peripheral nerves and, more specifically, Schwann cells. This disease mainly attacks the superficial nerves and peripheral nerve trunks. Prejudice, difficulty in accessing health care, self-segregation and lack of information makes the post-discharge period a problem for patients affected by leprosy, requiring professionals to take a longitudinal look at leprosy patients. To highlight the longitudinal attention of care in the post-leprosy period as an important factor for the well-being of the patient, to discuss the impact of the pathology on the quality of life of post-discharge patients and to highlight the multidisciplinary work for a unique patient care. This study is a systematic literature review, whose search was carried out in the online mediums VHL, SCIELO and LILACS. The words used were: leprosy, stigma, quality of life and their translations into English. Studies on the theme of this review were found. As an inclusion criterion: it should deal with the time of post-discharge in leprosy; quality of life; and longitudinal health care for these people. a negative influence on Quality of Life was observed due to the psychological aspects that involve the disease and mainly socio-cultural, as well as physical deformities. Leprosy causes suffering that goes beyond pain / malaise strictly linked to physical / biological impairment, in addition to causing great social and psychological impact, justifying advances in the multidisciplinary approach to the patient.

More information

Type
Book Chapter
Author
Pereira KSS
Santos HLPCD
Macedo MSS
García GSM
Queiroz TSD
Brito JAT
Fraga RE
Year of Publication
2020
Book Title
Ações de Saúde e Geração de Conhecimento nas Ciências Médicas 7
Chapter
15
Number of Pages
115-125
Publisher
Atena Editora
ISBN Number
9786557062029
DOI
10.22533/at.ed.02920230715