A study to assess the knowledge and practices regarding WASH among school children in selected school, Mangalagiri, Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh.
Background: ‘WASH’ is an acronym that stands for water, sanitation and hygiene and several interrelated public health issues that are of particular interest to international development and is the focus of SDP goal-6. WASH in schools aims to improve the health and learning performance of School-aged children and by extension that of their families, by reducing the incidence of water and sanitation related diseases. The present study was undertaken to assess the knowledge and practices regarding WASH among school children.
Methods: A descriptive design was adopted for the study. The study was conducted at Zilla parishath Higher Secondary school with 150 participants selected using purposive sampling technique. Knowledge and practices of WASH were assessed using a structured questionnaire and checklist respectively.
Results: The results showed that majority of them 125 (83.33%) had inadequate knowledge and 25 (16.6%) had a moderately adequate knowledge, while 21 (14%) were found to have adequate practices, 81 (54%) had a moderately adequate practices and 48 (32%) were found to have inadequate practices. It was found that there was no significant association between the knowledge and the selected demographic variables and a negative correlation was found between knowledge and practices.
Conclusions: The findings revealed that, most of the school children had inadequate knowledge and a moderately adequate practice which indicates a need to impart knowledge and motivate the children regarding WASH to maximize the health and educational outcomes.