Zoonotic Parasites and Food Safety: the Case of Taenia Solium
This study provided a comprehensive overview of the zoonotic parasite Taenia solium, focusing on its biology, transmission, public health impact and control measures. Taenia solium, responsible for diseases such as taeniasis and cysticercosis, is significant due to its role in foodborne transmission and its status as the major global cause of acquired disease. We explored the broader context of zoonotic diseases, highlighting how changes in the environment, agriculture and urbanization contributed to their spread. It emphasized the importance of understanding the biological aspects of T. solium, including its habitats, food sources and transmission dynamics, to develop effective control strategies. The symptoms and diagnosis of taeniasis and cysticercosis were detailed, along with the epidemiological challenges in determining the true global burden of the disease. The role of food safety in controlling T. solium transmission was centered. We discussed the importance of pig rearing, pork handling and public education in breaking the parasite's life cycle. We also examined the traditional and modern control methods, including agricultural practices, sanitation improvements, use of pork and public health interventions. The use of antiparasitic drugs, diagnostic advancements, and potential of vaccines were explored as contemporary strategies to combat the parasite. Public health policies and regulations were highlighted as key elements in controlling T. solium, focusing on pork production, transmission control and community education. The study concluded by reflecting on the future of zoonotic parasite control, acknowledging the challenges posed by socio-cultural factors, resource constraints, and climate change.